A comprehensive guide to filing taxes in India

A comprehensive guide to filing taxes in India

A comprehensive guide to filing taxes in India

Explore key tax regulations, filing procedures, and essential tips to ensure a smooth and informed tax season in India.

In this comprehensive blog post, we'll walk you through everything from identifying your tax residency status and registering for a PAN card to filing income tax returns and claiming any eligible deductions. Get ready to feel confident and informed as we break down the complexities of Indian taxation laws and provide practical tips for fulfilling your duties as an expat taxpayer.

Who is eligible to pay taxes in India?

Understanding taxes in India may seem tough, but don't be alarmed - it's more straightforward than you think. Everyone who earns money in India, no matter where they are from or live, must pay income tax to the Indian Income Tax Department. This rule applies to both Indian locals and foreigners working in India. Even non-resident Indians and overseas companies doing business in India may have to pay income tax. The good news is, the Income Tax Department offers resources to help everyone understand their tax duties. By knowing the Income Tax Act and the income tax law, you can meet your tax obligations and lessen your tax burden. Filing your income tax return might seem complicated, but with the right information and services provided by the Income Tax Department, the income tax return filing process is made much easier.

What are the different types of taxes in India?

In India, there are several kinds of taxes you need to know about. One of the most common is income tax, which the Income Tax Department collects from people and businesses that earn money, such as from a job, interest from savings, selling things for more than they cost, or company profits. Then there's GST, which you pay when you buy most goods and services. If you own a lot of properties or are very wealthy, you might also pay a wealth tax.

Another tax is customs duty, which is a charge for bringing goods into the country. Finally, there's excise duty, which is a tax on things that are made in the country. Understanding these taxes helps you know where your money is going and how to save on taxes. Knowing the Income Tax Act and the income tax law is crucial in this process. 

Key dates and deadlines

the key dates and deadlines for filing taxes in India are as follows:

  • April 1 - March 31 (Financial Year): The financial year in India runs from April 1 to March 31. All financial transactions and income during this period are considered for tax assessment.

  • July 31 (or August 31): This is the deadline for individual taxpayers, including salaried individuals and non-audit cases, to file their income tax returns for the assessment year. The due date may be extended to August 31 in certain cases.

  • September 30: For businesses and individuals who are required to get their accounts audited, the deadline for filing income tax returns is generally September 30 of the assessment year.

  • Advance Tax Installments: Taxpayers are required to pay advance tax in installments during the financial year. The due dates for advance tax payments are typically June 15, September 15, December 15, and March 15.

  • January 31: Employers are required to provide employees with their Form 16, which details the salary, tax deducted at source (TDS), and other relevant information, by January 31.

  • Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) Filing: Entities deducting TDS are required to file TDS returns quarterly. The due dates for TDS return filings are typically July 31, October 31, January 31, and May 31 of the next financial year.

  • Goods and Services Tax (GST) Filing: For businesses registered under GST, the due dates for filing monthly or quarterly GST returns depend on the turnover and registration type. The GST return filing due dates are usually around the 20th of the following month or quarter.

Preparing your documents

Preparing your documents is an essential step in ensuring that you're able to handle any situation - from applying for a job to making a claim for insurance. Whether you're a student preparing for a new semester, a professional looking to streamline your work, or just someone looking to declutter their life, these preparation techniques will ensure that you're always ready for whatever comes your way. 

Which documents do you need to file your taxes?

To get started, you'll need a few key documents: 

  • Aadhaar Card: Aadhaar card is mandatory for filing income tax returns in India.

  • PAN Card: A Permanent Account Number (PAN) card is essential for tax filings.

  • Previous Year's Tax Returns: Copies of your previous year's tax returns, if applicable.

  • Form 26AS: Tax Credit Statement that reflects taxes paid on your behalf and TDS deducted on your income.

  • Details of Foreign Income and Assets (if applicable): If you have foreign income or assets, provide details as required.

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